Rutronik News

Pioneer of coke production, starting point of the Second World War, modern center of science: Gliwice

  Newsletter Article

With 180,000 inhabitants, Gliwice is located in the southern part of Poland and thus also in the Upper Silesian agglomeration. Today, the city is not only an important center for the development of new technologies and the automotive industry, it is also a knowledge center with an industrial tradition.

Gliwice was founded in the 12th century under German law. In the Middle Ages the city belonged to various principalities before falling under the rule of Duke John the Good of Opole in 1492. Until 1796 the city had rather little economic importance. Only after the 30-year war, when the Royal Ironworks with the first coke blast furnace (coke is a fuel that has several advantages over coal) in Europe was founded in the east of the city, Gliwice gained economic importance.

With the construction of the Klodnitz Canal in 1812, the conurbation was economically connected to the rest of the country and thus also to Europe. The connection of the "Upper Silesian Railway" in 1845 made the city even more accessible.

After the division of Upper Silesia almost 80% of the population voted for the city to remain in Germany. This vote and the division of the industrial area in 1922 brought Gliwice to another economic peak. Because of the special location, many companies, authorities and industrial associations moved their headquarters to Gliwice. In the following three years an airport and a radio station were built, among other things. Between 1934 and 1939 the Klodnitz Canal had to make way for the Gliwice Canal. The renewal favored the connection between the Upper Silesian industrial traffic and the Oder River.

On August 31, 1939, the city involuntarily wrote history. SS-Sturmbannführer Alfred Naujocks receives a call from Berlin at about 4 p.m. with the codeword "Grandmother died. This was the start of the Tannenberg enterprise - the propagandistic pretext that was to justify the beginning of the Second World War. The station was taken by German soldiers at 8 p.m. under a false flag. The listeners were addressed, among other things, with the words: "Attention! Attention! This is Gleiwitz. The station is in Polish hands..." deceived. The only thing that was found during the attack was a corpse, which was supposed to serve as proof of what had happened. The next day German newspapers reported about the attack on the transmitter in Gliwice and other border incidents. This was the beginning of the Second World War. During the war, the city's industrial plants were completely converted to arms production. The city, which was largely spared, was occupied by the Red Army in 1945 until it was annexed to Poland in the course of the Potsdam resolutions.

Today Gliwice is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Upper Silesia. Thanks to the A1 and A4 freeways, the airport and the railroad it is also easily accessible from all over Europe. If you are interested in history, you can not only watch the Gliwice broadcasting station, but also visit the museum, which presents the history of the city. But also different churches, old foundries or the old fortified walls offer a varied leisure offer.

Restaurant: Mini browar Majer ( )

The Mini browar Majer is a regional family restaurant, which scores points with traditional dishes, but also with its own brewery. Here unfiltered and non-pasteurized beer is still produced according to an old recipe and brought to the guest. In the family environment of the restaurant you can feel comfortable right away.

Restaurant: Momo ( )

If you prefer to drink wine in a friendly but also extraordinary environment, you should visit Momos. It is located very centrally in the center of Gliwice and offers a different lunch menu every week. No matter if soups, salads or noodle dishes - here almost everybody will be satisfied. The restaurant is also very suitable for family visits. The children then have an extra menu to choose from.

Restaurant: Winebar lofty ( )

All those who would like to drink a good wine from all over the world with their steak should visit the wine bar lofty. Through the old brick building the visitors experience the industrial flair of the city.

Bar: Hellgate ( )

A "Polish Pub", if you like, with a great selection of different craft beers and many Polish beers fresh from the barrel. As befits a pub, there is no shortage of TV sports, and when the weather is nice, the small, cozy beer garden beckons.

Bar: Hemingway Club ( )

Located directly at the market place, this bar named after the famous writer Ernest Hemingway captivates with its ambience, which immediately takes the visitor into a past epoch. An adjoining restaurant offers an extensive menu, whereby the roulades with dumplings and red cabbage are especially recommended. In the rustic vaulted cellar, music plays in the truest sense of the word and whoever wants to, enjoys a cigar in proper style with their whisky in a separate area.

Hotel: Qubus Hotel ( )

The modern Qubus Hotel is centrally located with excellent transport connections. The three-star hotel has several conference rooms and an excellent breakfast. An ideal place if you want to explore the city.

Sight worth seeing: Radiostacja - Radio Station Gliwice ( )

The radio station is not only the highest wooden radio station in the world, it also played a major role in the Second World War. It survived the war undamaged and can still be visited today. On August 31, 1939, SS troops of the German Reich carried out a fictitious raid here, which served, among other things, as a basis for attacking Poland. An affiliated museum makes the history of this contemporary witness tangible.

Sight worth seeing: Palmiarnia Miejska - The "Palm House" ( )

Nature lovers will also get their money's worth in the Palm House. Since 1880, the Palmiarnia has undergone constant development. Here you can find plants such as various medicinal and aromatic plants or other tropical varieties. Besides birds, numerous reptiles such as turtles can be seen in the various terrariums. Since 2012 the Palm House even has an aquarium. Whether alone or with the whole family - especially on rainy or cold days a great destination!