Separately, these towns lived through their own diverse histories in the hundreds of years prior to becoming one city. In the Middle Ages, Buda and Pest were initially occupied by the Ottomans, who were then driven out by the Habsburg dynasty which began its rule over Hungary starting in 1526. During the Hungarian Revolt of 1848, Budapest was one of the main stages of protest against the reform-resistant Habsburg rulers. A year later, in 1849, the Hungarian revolutionary government decided to merge the cities of Buda and Pest. However, the revolt was ultimately defeated and the merging of the cities reversed. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the creation of the city of Budapest was finally approved in 1873.
In 1896, Hungary celebrated the 1000th anniversary of the “land grab” which refers to the arrival of the Magyars to the Carpathian region. A series of exhibitions and major public works projects, including the Millennium Place and the first metro train on the European mainland, marked the occasion.
In the 20th century, after its defeat in World War I, Hungary withdrew from the Danube monarchy and lost almost three-quarters of its borders in the Treaty of Trianon. In World War II, Hungary was occupied by the Nazis until February 1945 at which time Budapest was liberated by the Red Army of Russia, which turned the country into a satellite state during the Cold War. In 1956, the Hungarian people rose up when then Minister President Imre Nagy seized the government with the intention of getting out of the Warsaw Pact. The Soviet army quelled the revolt by military force and executed hundreds of revolutionaries. Today, Nagy is considered a folk hero.
The city on the Danube River and its many historic sites are best seen on foot, as Gabor del Medico, a Rutronik sales manager, explains: “I was born in Budapest. The culture, the history, the city life, the buildings – I always get excited when I talk about my city. I take our colleagues, customers and manufacturers for tours of the city on foot. One of my favorite places to take them is the Géllertberg, where you can enjoy a 270-degree view of Budapest. I recommend that anyone visiting Budapest take the time to explore the city on foot. Look up at the houses, along the facades and up to the roofs. You can marvel at some impressive architecture particularly on Andrássy Street, Deak Square and Károly-Boulevard. The city’s architectural history is especially evident on Kálvin Square.”
Naturally, it's also worth visiting the Rutronik branch office in Budapest. It has 12 employees and was opened in 2000. Our customers come mainly from the automotive, industrial and wireless industries.
If you visit the Hungarian capital, Gabor del Medico has gathered several insider tips and hot-spot locations:
Hot spot: Gozsdu Udvar - Gozsdu Courtyard
The Gozsdu Courtyard is a trendy local hot spot that combines gastronomy, culture and entertainment. 900,000 visitors have enjoyed the cosmopolitan flair of the courtyard that is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Hot spot: Kopaszi-Gát
Kopaszi-Gát is a lovely peninsula south of Buda next to the Rákóczki Bridge. While you can kayak along the protected bay to the end of it, the other bank is actually a beach. Locals and tourists alike come here to have picnics and enjoy a variety of outdoor activities.
Hot spot: Városliget – City Park
This is the largest public park in Budapest and was the setting of the Millennium Celebration of 1896. The Budapest Circus, the Zoo, the Botanical Gardens and Vajdahunyad Castle are located here. The park is also home to Heroes Square along with its museums and historical monuments.
Restaurant: Náncsi néni vendéglője – Restaurant Náncsi Néni
The restaurant’s motto is: “Mama is the best cook. We try to cook as well as she does.” The restaurant offers traditional Hungarian dishes, such as Goulash soup or Hortobágyi pancakes – it has a family-friendly atmosphere. Reservations are recommended in the winter.
Restaurant: Trófea Grill Restaurant Group
Trófea Grill Restaurants offer all-you-can-eat-buffets for a fixed price at all restaurants within the group. They specialize in traditional Hungarian dishes.
Restaurant: Vakvarjú Restaurants
Budapest is home to a total of three Vakvarjú restaurants plus a beach restaurant. They are open from April to September. The word Vakvarjú means “blind crow” – and refers to a specialty of the house: a kind of flat bread.
Bar: Gozsdu Udvar – Gozsdu Courtyard
“Culture. Fun. Style.” That’s the motto of the Gozsdu Courtyard. Here you can sample local drinks at its numerous bars and cafés.
The “Szimpla” (English: The “Simple”) is a renovated factory that now houses an open-air movie theater and a bar. There are also other bars and cafés in the area.
Hotel: Castle Garden
Four-star hotel in direct proximity to Buda Castle.
Hotel: Continental Hotel Budapest
Four-star hotel on the grounds of the legendary former Hungarian spa, located near the city center.
Hotel: Museum Budapest
Four-star hotel in the heart of Budapest, near the National Museum and only a few minutes from Vaci Street, the main pedestrian zone and shopping center in Budapest.