A lot has changed since then; the cities have reinvented themselves, are growing strongly, and attract a large number of tourists. One of them is Manchester - once the proud capital of the textile industry, bastion of the Labour Party, and home of the soccer club that still causes Oliver Kahn to wake up in a cold sweat.
Manchester's origins can be traced back to 79 AD, when the Romans built a fort at the junction of the Irwell and Medlock rivers. In the 7th century, the Anglo-Saxons founded a village named Mameceaster - today's Manchester - on the same site. Over the centuries the small village grew into a market town, and residents from Flanders established the tradition of wool processing and linen production there in the 14th century - the foundation of the town's economic success in the coming centuries. Its prosperity was the reason that a wealthy donor provided funds to open the first public library in the United Kingdom there in 1653.
In 1642 Manchester sided with the Parliamentarians during the civil war between the king and parliament and withstood a siege by the royal army - even without having any city walls. But vengeance came quickly: when the Royalists prevailed in 1660, the city lost all of its seats in parliament, where it was no longer represented for almost 200 years. Economically, however, Manchester benefited greatly from the industrial revolution and became the world's most important industrial center after the invention of the steam engine, which enabled cotton mills to operate without water.
The shortage of cotton as a result of the American civil war led to a severe crisis in the textile industry. Numerous canals were built to alleviate the consequences and its dependency on Liverpool - Manchester became Britain's third largest port city despite being located 64 kilometers away from the sea. As a result the economy picked up again, and in 1910, Trafford Park, the world's first industrial zone created specifically for this purpose, opened. The global economic crisis hit the city hard, however, and the textile industry became almost meaningless.
But like a phoenix from the ashes, the city also recovered from this setback, and after World War II Manchester became one of the leading cities for computer science - under the leadership of Alan Turing, the first modern computer was built here, named "Baby." Not only Turing, but other great researchers also taught and worked at the University of Manchester as well, including physicist Ernest Rutherford. He succeeded in splitting the atom here in 1917, the first person to do so. All in all, the city's university can boast about having produced over 20 Nobel Prize winners.
Incidentally, the University of Manchester is also the only university in the world where you can earn a degree in mummy studies. Thanks to their long tradition of research on Egyptian mummies, they even have a tissue database. Manchester, where the industrial revolution began, is also rich in economic history. When it opened in 1830, the Liverpool & Manchester Railway was the world's first public railway line built explicitly for this purpose. And in 1904, car salesman Charles Rolls and engineer Henry Royce met here at the Midland Hotel for lunch and laid the foundation for one of the world's most legendary automakers: Rolls-Royce. Since 1938 the British branch of the Kellogg Company has had its headquarters directly opposite the "Theatre of Dreams," the home stadium of English record-champion soccer team Manchester United.
It is also worth mentioning that Manchester Airport is the second largest in the country after London. Besides that, it is also home to the longest-running soap opera in the world, Coronation Street, which has been on TV continuously since December 9, 1960! The vegetarians among you might be interested to know that the origin of the movement lies in Manchester, where a little over 200 years ago, the sermon by Reverend William Cowherd (which we think is a very appropriate name) in a small chapel in Salford inspired the faithful to no longer eat meat - they founded the Vegetarian Society.
Manchester is therefore far more vibrant, full of tradition, and interesting than its location in northern England would suggest. Here's a list of the other things you can see there - besides the local Rutronik office, of course:
Hot spot: Salford Quays - MediaCityUK
At MediaCityUK, you can spend hours without getting bored - go for a swim in the open water or visit The Lowry theater with its art gallery, bars, restaurants, and shops. Oh yeah - you can also take a tour of a BBC studio.
Hot spot: Rivington in Horwich
Rivington/Horwich is the right place for those who prefer peace and quiet to hectic shopping and the hustle and bustle of the city. This beautiful place with breathtaking scenery is just waiting to be explored on foot.
Restaurant: Sapporo Teppanyaki (www.sapporo.co.uk/)
Fine Japanese cuisine in northern England? What sounds strange at first turns out to be a pleasant surprise. In a cozy atmosphere, Japanese master chefs prepare traditional Japanese dishes, including sushi, miso soup, and teppanyaki.
Restaurant: Almost Famous (www.almostfamousburgers.com/index.html)
Not everything that comes from the United States is bad - the British have also accepted this and have adopted the American love of burgers. At Almost Famous, you'll find burgers for every taste. We particularly recommend the Guy Ritchie and the Bacon Bacon Fries.
Restaurant: CakeAway (https://cakeawaymanchesteronline.co.uk/)
Waffles, cookies, cheesecakes, milkshakes - if you have a sweet tooth, you have to check out CakeAway. As the name suggests, the delicious desserts are delivered directly to the front door of your house or hotel. Now that's convenience!
Bar: Revolucion de Cuba (www.revoluciondecuba.com/bar/manchester)
Viva la Revolucion! The Revolucion de Cuba is located in the heart of Manchester and offers cocktails, tapas, and rum. Salsa dancers and singers create the right atmosphere - and it's your own fault if you don't try the passion fruit mojito here!
Bar: 20 Stories (https://20stories.co.uk)
A cocktail bar and a restaurant on the roof of a building make 20 Stories the perfect place to meet up with friends, for a first date, or for a long night of intense partying.
Hotel: Last Drop Village (www.lastdropvillage.co.uk/spa-wellness/)
This four-star hotel is located on the edge of the West Pennine Moors and can be reached by taxi and bus. Last Drop Village has a spa, a thermal pool with great outdoor views, and a gym.